A Complete Essential Oils Guide - Benefits, Properties, Composition & Characterisitcs

A Complete Essential Oils Guide

Essential oils are one of the finest gifts of nature. For thousands of years, civilizations from Egypt to India to China have made use of essential oils, extracted in various ways from flowers, seeds, bark, resins, and other parts of plants for a variety of usages including medical, culinary, perfumery and aromatherapy. Essential oils are beneficial for skincare, hair care and to improve health due to their numerous properties. Here, our experts have summarized an easy to follow essential oils guide for you to gain in-depth knowledge. 


What are Essential Oils?

Essential oils are aromatic concentrated hydrophobic volatile liquid extracted from plant parts such as flowers, leaves, stems, bark, seeds or roots of shrubs, bushes, herbs, and trees. Essential oils contain the characteristic fragrance or essence of the plant from which it has been extracted.

Read More: What Are Essential Oils?

  • Essential oils are volatile and evaporate rapidly when exposed to air.
  • Most of the essential oils are colorless except for few such as cinnamon essential oil which is reddish, chamomile which is bluish and wormwood essential oil which is greenish in color.
  • Most of the essential oils are lighter than water except for few such as cinnamon essential oil, garlic essential oil and bitter almond essential oil.
  • Essential oils are of the complex composition and contain hundreds of unique and different chemical components including alcohols, aldehydes, ethers, esters, hydrocarbons, ketones, and phenols of the group of mono- and sesquiterpenes or phenylpropanes as well as nonvolatile lactones and waxes.

As of now, around 3000 essential oils are known, out of which around 300 are considered commercially important.

Essential oils are very concentrated since a very large amount of raw material, several hundred or even thousands of pounds is required to extract a few pounds of essential oil. For example, approximately 5,000 pounds of rose petals produce one pound of rose oil, 250 pounds of lavender produces 1 pound of lavender oil and 3,000 lemon produces 2 pounds of lemon oil. 

Essential oils, like all organic compounds, are made up of hundreds of compounds, such as monoterpenes, sesquiterpenes, diterpenes, phenols, alcohols, aldehydes, ketones, esters, and oxides.

A number of factors related to climate, habitat, agriculture, environment, and technology may lead to a difference in compositions of essential oils. In addition, the composition of essential oil in the plant changes continuously during a plant’s life cycle and varies between different parts of the plant and even between different populations of identical species. 


Essential Oil Extraction

Steam distillation and cold pressing are the most common methods used for the extraction of essential oils. Steam distillation is a preferred method except in the case of citrus fruits, such as lemon, lime, bergamot, tangerine, orange, etc., where cold press method is used to extract the essential oils.  

In a growing number of cases, the aromatic content of the plants is now being distilled using solvents extraction. The products from solvent extraction are not to be confused with essential oils. Solvent extraction results in products with high aromatic content but they have other constituents also.


Benefits of Essential Oils

Essential oils are full of beneficial properties which make them useful in a number of usages such as in aromatherapy, skincare, haircare, health improvements, and as freshener and cleaner.

Some of the major therapeutic properties of essential oils are antiseptic, antidepressant, antibacterial, disinfectant, antiscorbutic, carminative, anti-allergic, anti-asthmatic, antispasmodic, balsamic, deodorant, digestive, diuretic, laxative, insect repellent, relaxing and sedative.

Let’s discuss some of the common day benefits of essential oils.

Skin Care

Essential oils are your best friend for the skincare. According to some studies, around 98 commercial essential oils are recommended for treating dermatological conditions, out of which 88 are used for the treatment of skin infections caused by bacteria, viruses, and fungi.

Essential oils help to reduce acne, blemishes, scars, stretch marks and age spots. Essential oils are beneficial in cases of cuts, insect bites and burns because of their antiseptic and healing properties. Their anti-inflammatory properties are useful in cases of inflammation conditions such as eczema, wounds, bumps, bruises, etc. They are also beneficial to fight pathogens that cause athletes foot, candida, ringworm. 

  • Acne and skin irritations: Tea tree, Lavender, Oregano, Bergamot, Rosemary, Helichrysum, Orange
  • Insect bites, cuts: Lavender, Tea tree, Eucalyptus, Clove, Lemon, Thyme, Sage  
  • Inflammations such as wounds, bumps, bruises, eczema: Lavender, Chamomile 
  • Fungal infections such as ringworm, athlete’s foot, candida: Tea Tree, lavender, Patchouli, Marjoram, Myrrh 
  • Burns, scars, stretch marks: Lavender, Frankincense, Rose, Chamomile, Neroli, Geranium 

Read More: Essential Oils for Skin Care

Hair Care

Essential oils are a helpful addition to your hair care. Essential oils are beneficial for preventing hair losses such as in the case of alopecia areata, improving hair growth and thickening. Essential oils help to reduce dandruff and improve dry, scaly scalp. 

  • Hair growth: Rosemary  
  • Hair Loss: Lavender, Rosemary, Tea Tree  
  • Lice: Tea tree, Lemongrass  
  • Dandruff: Tea tree

Sleep, Stress, Memory, Focus, Concentration

Essential oils are well known for reducing feelings of stress and nervousness. Their sedative properties help to calm the mind and impart a relaxing feeling and improve sleep. Essential oil benefits also include improving memory and the ability to learn, thereby enhancing brain function as a whole.

  • Improve sleep: Lavender, Chamomile, Sandalwood, Bergamot, Lemon, Marjoram, Vetiver, Jasmine 
  • Stress Relief: Lavender, Rose, Orange, Vetiver, Frankincense, Ylang-ylang, Sandalwood, Geranium, Lemon, Clary sage, Bergamot
  • Memory, Focus, Concentration: Basil, Cedarwood, Grapefruit, Rosemary, Vetiver, Peppermint
  • Anxiety, Fear: Bergamot, Vetiver, Ylang-ylang, Rose, Neroli, Melissa, Geranium, Clary sage, Chamomile, Black spruce 

Read More: Essential Oils for Better Sleep

Respiratory Infections

Nose, throat, and lung infections are conditions that respond very well to treatment with essential oils. Inhalation is a very effective way of utilizing their properties 

  • Sinusitis, Coughs, Bronchitis, Catarrh: Eucalyptus, Tea Tree, Pine, Thyme, Myrrh, Sandalwood, Fennel
  • Colic, Asthma, Dry Cough, Whooping Cough: Hyssop, Cypress, Cedarwood, Bergamot, Chamomile, Cajeput 
  • Colds, Chills, Congestion: Benzoin, Frankincense, Tolu balsam, Peru balsam, Myrrh
  • Flu, Colds, Sore throat, Tonsillitis, Gingivitis: Thyme, Sage, Eucalyptus, Hyssop, Pine, Cajeput, Tea tree, Ginger 

Pain, Inflammation, Digestion

Essential oils, when absorbed in the skin and mucosa, affects the blood circulations and provide considerable pain relief through their analgesic effect. Such oils can relieve local inflammation by setting free mediators in the body which in turn causes the blood vessels to expand, so the blood is able to move more quickly and the swelling is reduced.

  • Joints, muscular stiffness and inflammation: Black pepper, Peppermint, Eucalyptus, Chamomile, Ginger, Rosemary, Marjoram
  • Indigestion: Chamomile, Caraway, Fennel, Orange, Peppermint, Cinnamon, Ginger  
  • Cholagogues: Caraway, Lavender, Peppermint 

Read More: Essential Oils to Get Relief from Pain

Insect Repellents

Essential oils are useful in repelling a variety of insects and pests. Their particular scent acts as a repellent for insects and pests. 

  • Ants: Orange, Peppermint, Cedarwood
  • Flies: Lavender, Lemongrass, Orange, Peppermint, Tea tree, Cedarwood 
  • Mosquitoes: Lemongrass, Citronella, Rose Geranium,
  • Spiders: Cedarwood, Citronella, Lavender, Lemon, Orange, Peppermint, Spearmint
  • Roaches: Cedarwood, Eucalyptus, Orange 
  • Moth: Clove, Lavender, Rosemary, Peppermint  

In addition, essential oils are used for immunity boosting, hormone balancing, to fight allergies, regulating among others. 


Essential Oils

There are hundreds of essential oils available in the market. Here we are going to discuss a few to give you a brief introduction.  

Ajwain Oil

Ajwain is a very popular spice in India and ajwain oil has been in use here for centuries for flavoring and medicinal remedies. Ajwain is also called Ajowan or Carom Seed or Bishop’s Weed or Trachyspermum ammiCarum copticumTrachyspermum copticum. 

  • Extraction: Extracted from the crushed seeds by the method of hydrodistillation
  • Aroma: Warm, Pungent, Peppery
  • Properties: Insecticidal, antibacterial, antifungal, antioxidant, antimicrobial, anti-inflammatory, anti-filarial, nematicidal, anthelmintic, hypotensive, analgesic and antitussive properties.
  • Respiratory Benefits: Ajwain oil is effective against respiratory ailments such as sore throat, cough, and cold, asthma, whooping cough, and bronchitis.
  • Ajwain oil offers calming sensations that relieve neuralgia and migraines.
  • One can treat indigestion, ulcers, and various other bacterial infections of the gut with ajwain oil.
Ajwain Oil Profile - Infographics

Cinnamon Oil

Cinnamon is a popular spice in the kitchens across the world. There are two varieties of cinnamon oil – 1) Cinnamon bark oil extracted from cinnamon bark and 2) Cinnamon leaf oil extracted from cinnamon leaves. Cinnamon bark oil is not preferred for topical applications since it is skin irritant. 

  • Extraction: Steam distillation of either bark or leaves of the cinnamon plant (Cinnamomum verum)  
  • Aroma: Sweety woody aroma 
  • Properties: Analgesic, antibacterial, anti-fungal, anti-inflammatory, anti-microbial, anti-parasitic, anti-oxidant, anti-rheumatic, carminative, energizing and warming
  • Prevent oral bacterial growth
  • Reduce pain from arthritis and rheumatism in muscles and joints
  • Keep blood sugar levels in control
  • Provide relief from stress and promote relaxation
  • Relieve respiratory infections 
Cinnamon Bark Oil Profile - Usages and Benefits - Infographics

Citronella Oil

Citronella grass is an aromatic perennial clumping grass. 

  • Extraction: Steam distillation of finely chopped fresh, part dried or dried citronella grass (Cymbopogon winterianus) or (Cymbopogon nardus)  
  • Aroma: Warm, Citrusy, Woody
  • Properties: Antiseptic, antispasmodic, antibacterial, anti-inflammatory, antifungal, anthelminthic, heat-clearing, stimulant 
  • Relief from stress, relax moods and control emotion
  • Pest repellent such as lice, flies
  • Mosquito repellent

Clove Oil

Clove is one of the most widely used spices all over the world. Clove oil is extracted from either flower buds (cloves) or leaves or stems using steam/water distillation. These 3 different raw materials produce oils that are different in compositions.

  • Extraction: Steam distillation of either clove or leaves or stem 
  • Aroma: Warm, Spicy, Sweet, Strong, Burnt-woody, Spicy-woody
  • Properties: Analgesic, anthelmintic, anti-emetic, anti-rheumatic, anti-neuralgic, anti-oxidant, antispasmodic, antiseptic, antiviral, aphrodisiac, carminative, expectorant, insecticidal, larvicidal, spasmolytic, stimulant, stomachic, vermifuge 
  • Improve overall oral health and reduce bad breath 
  • Helpful in treating indigestion, bloating and flatulence
  • Useful in case of rheumatic-type pains and relieving symptoms of arthritis, rheumatoid arthritis, and various strains and sprains
  • Beneficial in infections such as warts, herpes, athlete’s foot, chronic pruritus, and toenail fungus
  • Moth repellent 
Clove Oil Profile - Infographics

Eucalyptus Oil

Eucalyptus oil is one must-have essential oil for the winter season due to its ability to provide relief from respiratory conditions like cold, flu, cough. Aborigines have been using eucalyptus as a traditional household remedy for centuries for various purposes including medicinal. It was used to heal wounds, cuts, burn, ulcers and relief from respiratory ailments such as bronchitis, croup, asthma. The two well-known species of eucalyptus are Eucalyptus Globulus and Eucalyptus Radiata. Out of these two, oil from radiata is gentler and has a sweeter and softer aroma.

  • Extraction: Steam distillation of leaves 
  • Aroma: Fresh, Woody, Sweet, Camphoraceous
  • Properties: Analgesic, anthelmintic, anti-emetic, anti-rheumatic, anti-neuralgic, anti-oxidant, antispasmodic, antiseptic, antiviral, aphrodisiac, carminative, expectorant, insecticidal, larvicidal, spasmolytic, stimulant, stomachic, vermifuge
  • Provide relief from respiratory conditions including bronchitis, cough, asthma, sinusitis
  • Helps in dealing with dandruff, itchy scalp, lice and provide follicle stimulation.
  • Promote healing for skin irritations such as wounds, cuts, burns, sores and insect bite
  • Provide relief from pain in case of arthritis, ligament sprain, tendon sprains, fibrosis, nerve pain, and muscle pain
Eucalyptus Essential Oil Profile- Infographics

Frankincense Oil

Frankincense oil is known as King of oils due to its numerous benefits, versatility, and antiquity. There are several species of the frankincense tree, which produces different kinds of resins. Some of the main species are Boswellia sacra, Boswellia carterii, Boswellia frereana, Boswellia serrata (Indian frankincense) and Boswellia papyrifera.

  • Extraction: Extracted from the resins using steam distillation
  • Aroma: Warm, Slightly Green, Fresh, Woody-spicy
  • Properties: Analgesic, antiemetic, antioxidant, antiseptic, antispasmodic, antitussive, aperitif, aphrodisiac, bactericidal, carminative, cephalic, diaphoretic, expectorant, febrifuge, laxative, rubefacient, stimulant, stomachic, tonic
  • Skincare and anti-aging agent – reduce blemishes, dry and mature complexions, scars, wounds, and wrinkles
  • Relief from muscle pain and joint pains
  • Provide relief from anxiety, nervous tension, and stress-related condition
  • Relieve digestive discomfort and flatulence
  • Helpful for balancing menstrual cycles and relieving pre-menstrual symptoms like irritability, headache, and cramps
Frankincense Oil Usages and Benefits - Infographics

Ginger Oil

Ginger has been used as a spice and as a remedy for thousands of years, especially in the East.

  • Extraction: Extracted from the root of the ginger plant by steam distillation and sometimes hydro-diffusion.
  • Aroma: Fresh, Woody, Balsamic, Slightly Spicy and Fruity
  • Properties: Anti-inflammatory, antiseptic, astringent, carminative, cicatrizant, cytophylactic, digestive, diuretic, emmenagogue, expectorant, sedative, tonic, uterine, vulnerary 
  • Remedy for indigestion, stomach ache, nausea, dyspepsia, diarrheas, spasms, flatulence, and other stomach and bowel related problems.
  • Helpful in the treatment of nausea, hangover and motion sickness
  • Effective in relieving muscle and joint aches and pains, sprains and strains and joint stiffness, inflammatory bowel and celiac disease
  • Helps to improve circulation, increases body temperature and cellular respiration
  • Ginger oil is useful for treating illnesses caused by cold and dampness like the cold and flu, chills, fever, bronchitis, congestion, cough, and sinusitis.
Ginger Essential Oil Profile - Infographics
Ginger oil infographics

Jasmine Oil

Jasmine oil is a well-desired oil among aromatherapists and perfumers due to its aromatic fragrance and therapeutic properties. In ancient Indian, jasmine symbolized divine hope and is considered the perfume of love. It is historically associated with romance and intimacy. In China, jasmine flowers are used to treat hepatitis, liver cirrhosis and dysentery and Arabic Jasmine flowers are used for conjunctivitis, dysentery, and skin ulcers.

  • Extraction: Absolute is solvent extracted since distillation is not efficient to produce oil 
  • Aroma: Warm, Floral, Sweet, Exotic
  • Properties: Analgesic, antidepressant, anti-inflammatory, antiseptic, antispasmodic, aphrodisiac, carminative, cicatrizant, expectorant, galactagogue, parturient, sedative, tonic (uterine)
  • Lift emotions and alleviates depression. Useful in cases of nervous exhaustion and stress-related conditions
  • Treatment of spasms including spasmodic coughs, cramps, congestion, asthma, breathlessness, spasmodic cholera, cramp-producing stomach spasms
  • Effective in caring for dry, dehydrated and aging skin
  • Improve immunity and fight infection 
  • Provide relief from PMS symptoms including stomach cramps, vomiting, acne, restlessness, headaches, nausea, exhaustion, and pain
Jasmine Oil Profile - Infographics

Lavender Oil

Lavender oil is one of the most popular essential oils in aromatherapy. There are more than 30 species classified as lavender. Some of the well-known species are English Lavender (Lavandula angustifolia), French Lavender (Lavandula dentata), Spike Lavender (Lavandula latifolia) and Spanish Lavender (Lavandula stoechas). 

  • Extraction: Steam distillation of flowers and leaves.  
  • Aroma: Light sweet-herbaceous floral odor, with faint fresh overtones and mild woody undertones
  • Properties: Analgesic, antidepressant, antimicrobial, antirheumatic, antiseptic, antispasmodic, carminative, cholagogue, deodorant, diuretic, insecticide, nervine, parasiticide, rubefacient, sedative, stimulant
  • Calming, balancing and uplifting 
  • Aid in better sleep 
  • Help heal minor wounds in cases of burns, bruises, bug bites, and stings
  • Aid in pain relief in cases of muscular aches and pains, rheumatism, sprains
  • First aid treatment for motion sickness
Lavender Essential Oil Profile - Infographics

Lemon Oil

Lemon oil is referred to as liquid sunshine due to its refreshing and uplifting aroma. Lemon oil enlivens your brain, relieves fatigue and increases your physical energy and stamina. 

  • Extraction: Cold pressed from the fruit peel
  • Aroma: Clean, Fresh, Sharp, Sweet, Fruity
  • Properties: Anti-anxiety, antibacterial, antidepressant, anti-fungal, anti-infective, antioxidant, antirheumatic, antiseptic, antiviral, astringent, carminative, diuretic, immune-system stimulant, lymph decongestant
  • Stress Buster and Increased Alertness
  • Treat yeast infections such as Candida 
  • Powerful disinfectant 
  • Improve immunity 
  • Detoxifying and rejuvenating the skin
Lemon Essential Oil Profile - Infographics

Lemongrass Oil

Lemongrass is an aromatic perennial grass grown in tropical areas such as India. Historically, lemongrass has been used in traditional Indian Ayurvedic medicine for treating infections and reducing fever and inflammation.

  • Extraction: Steam distillation of finely chopped fresh or partly dried lemongrass   
  • Aroma: Fresh, Lemony, Earthy
  • Properties: Analgesic, antidepressant, antimicrobial, antipyretic, antiseptic, astringent, bactericidal, carminative, diuretic, febrifuge, fungicidal, insecticidal, nervine and sedative
  • Balances mood and emotions 
  • Promote relief from chronic mental states of anxiety, fear, worry, and depression
  • Relieve muscle spasm as well as promote regeneration and healing of soft tissue
  • Provides protection from mosquitoes and insects
  • Balance excess oily skin, hair and scalp conditions like seborrhea, dandruff, and acne 
Lemongrass Oil Profile - Infographics

Palmarosa Oil

Palmarosa is a grass native to India and is now grown across many parts of the world. It is widely used for perfumes and cosmetics around the world. It belongs to the same family as of lemongrass and citronella.

  • Extraction: Steam distillation of leaves 
  • Aroma: Floral, rosy, sweet, fresh, and woody
  • Properties: Antiseptic, antifungal, febrifuge, stimulant (digestive, circulatory, cardiac), analgesic, anti-anxiety, antibacterial, antidepressant, antifungal, anti-infective, anti-inflammatory, calmative, cooling
  • Insect Repellent: Palmarosa oil is considered an effective plant-based mosquito and insect repellent due to the presence of geraniol.
  • Palmarosa oil is used in aromatherapy to provide relief from stress, exhaustion, and anxiety due to its balancing properties.
  • Skincare: Palmarosa oil is used for its skin-regenerative and tissue healing capacity in skincare and is used to treat skin problems like dry skin, rosacea, eczema, and psoriasis.
Palmarosa Oil Profile

Peppermint Oil

Peppermint oil is a very popular oil in fragrance and flavoring. It is widely used in products like mint gums, toothpaste, bath preparations, mouthwashes, etc.

  • Extraction: Steam distillation of leaves 
  • Aroma: Warm followed by cooling sensation, Sharp and Pungent
  • Properties: Analgesic, antimicrobial, anesthetic, antiseptic, antispasmodic, astringent, carminative, decongestant, emmenagogic, expectorant, nervine, stimulant and vasoconstrictor
  • Digestive aid to soothe the digestive tract muscle, calms muscle spasms and prevents ailments such as indigestion, nausea, diarrhea and bloating
  • Useful for focusing the mind and improving memory
  • Useful in soreness of muscles and joints
  • Cool and soothe skin irritations caused by rashes, burns and even seasonal dryness
  • Provide relief from nausea, headaches
Peppermint Oil Profile - Infographics

Rosemary Oil

Rosemary is one of the most popular herbs in western culture. It has been used for centuries across civilizations in cooking and for its medicinal properties to cure digestive problems, improve memory, boost the immune system and relieve aches and pains.

  • Extraction: Steam distillation of leaves 
  • Aroma: Strong, Fresh, Herbaceous, Clean
  • Properties: Analgesic, antibacterial, anti-fungal, anti-infective, anti-inflammatory, antimicrobial, antirheumatic, antispasmodic, antiviral, astringent, decongestant, diuretic, immune-system support, stimulant, tonic
  • Increase the circulation around follicles, prevent hair loss and stimulate hair growth
  • Cure flatulence, stomach cramps, bloating, indigestion and constipation
  • Relieve mental fatigue, lethargy, and nervous exhaustion and assist with mental concentration
  • Helpful in treating acne, wrinkles, scars and sun-damaged skin
  • Relieve respiratory conditions like strep, bronchitis, and sinusitis, as well as symptoms of the cold and flu
Rosemary Essential Oil Profile - Infographics

Sweet Orange Oil

Sweet orange oil is a popular essential oil in aromatherapy because of its versatility, affordability, and uplifting aroma. 

  • Extraction: Cold pressed expression from the ripe peel of sweet oranges
  • Aroma: Fresh, Sweet, Fruity and Sweet Citrus
  • Properties: Antiseptic, anti-depressant, anti-anxiety, antibacterial, antiviral, digestive, digestive stimulant, disinfectant, energizing, antispasmodic, anti-inflammatory, carminative, diuretic, cholagogue, sedative and tonic
  • Improve digestion and relief from constipation
  • Reduce stress, fatigue and anxiety, and uplift mood and increase energy and mental clarity
  • Help in achieving healthy, young-looking skin but also to help fight signs of aging like wrinkles and dark spots
  • Ants and flies repellent 
Sweet Orange Essential Oil Profile - Infographics

Tea Tree Oil

Tea tree oil has been used for centuries for its medicinal properties. Recently, it has gained a lot of popularity as a natural skincare product. Tea tree is native to Australia and is grown in and around southeast Queensland adjacent ranges of New South Wales.

  • Extraction: Steam distillation from leaves  
  • Aroma: Fresh, Warm, Camphorous, Spicy
  • Properties: Anti-bacterial, antiseptic, anti-fungal, anti-inflammatory, anti-viral, balsamic, cicatrizant, expectorant, fungicidal, insecticidal, stimulant and sudorific 
  • Effective natural treatment of acne
  • Helpful in the treatment of dermatitis, athletes foot, nail fungus, cold sores, insect bites, cuts, blisters, warts, and shingle
  • All-purpose cleaner and sanitizer
  • Helpful for throat and chest infections and for clearing up mucus 
  • Promote immune system strengthening and can aid in helping prevent sickness
Tea Tree Oil Profile - Infographics

In case you are a beginner, we recommend you to start using these essential oils.


How to Use Essential Oils

The most effective way to use essential oils is externally through the skin and by inhalation.

Inhalation: Inhalation is when the essential oil is breathed directly into the system.

  1. Diffuser: One of the best ways to receive the therapeutic benefits of essential oils is to use it in a diffuser or vaporizer. Pour a few drops of essential oil into the diffuser as per the instructions.
  2. Direct Inhale: Another simple way to inhale essential oil is to open the bottle and breathe in. Alternately, you can place a few drops on a cloth or tissue and hold it near your nose to inhale.

Topical Use: Another excellent method to receive the therapeutic benefits of essential oils is to use it topically. It is a preferred method in the case to get relief from pain, inflammation, headaches, indigestion related problems.

Essential oil, when applied topically, are absorbed into the bloodstream through our pores and hair follicles.

To apply essential oils topically, dilute them with a carrier oil to a maximum of 2-4% dilution for adults and 1% for children and elders. For 2% dilution, add 2 drops of essential oil in a teaspoon.

Read More Regarding Usages of Essential Oils: Skin, Hair & Body Care | Health | Home Improvements


Safety & Dilution Guide

Most of the essential oils with a few exceptions are safe if used properly. We have listed a few of the general essential oil safety guidelines to follow as a precaution.

  • Conduct a patch test before the use of new essential oil, especially for kids, elderly people, and oils known to have skin sensitizer compounds.
  • Essential oils are highly concentrated and at times only a few drops are sufficient. 
  • Do not put essential oils in or around the eyes or near other orifices.
  • Dilute essential oils before applying topically. Carrier oils are a great choice for diluting essential oils. You may choose carrier oil as you like. Use cold-processed, unfiltered or naturally filtered, preferably unscented carrier oils. Vegetable carrier oils like fractionated coconut oil or jojoba are excellent choices.
  • Most of the cold-pressed citrus-based oils are photo-sensitizer. It is recommended to stay out of the sun for a few hours after the application of these oils.
  • Use essential oils with caution during pregnancy. It is recommended to use essential oils only under the guidance of a Certified Aromatherapist and/or medical professional with knowledge of and training in essential oils.
Essential Oil Safety Guidelines - Infographics
Essential Oil Safety
Essential Oil Dilution Guide - Infographics
Essential Oils Dilution

Read More: Essential Oil Safety & Dilution Guide


Shelf Life of Essential Oils 

Essential oils do not expire in the traditional sense, which means they do not turn rancid. However; they degrade their aroma quality and lose their therapeutic values over a period of time and may become ineffective for applications like aromatherapy. 

Always store essential oils in a dark glass bottle and at a cool dry place. Limit exposure to heat, light, and air.   

Read More: Shelf Life of Essential Oils

Essential oils are usually expensive and if stored properly, their shelf life may be extended to use for a longer period of time.

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